LEGAL TERMS GLOSSARY

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Boost Your Legal Vocabulary: Cano Bail Bonds

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A Glossary to Help You in Court. As the owner of Cano Bail Bonds, I am committed to providing you with valuable resources and insights to help you navigate the legal landscape with confidence. Never feel lost in legal jargon again! Print and carry this glossary in a folder to court and improve your . You’ll be confident and well-equipped to understand what the judge, district attorney, lawyer, or public defender are saying. Keep up-to-date with the ever-changing laws and improve your chances of winning your case by gaining knowledge about the criminal justice system. Let this glossary be your guide.

If you don’t speak the courtroom language, it might be hard to understand the what is being said in the courtroom. This dictionary is to help you feel more sure of yourself in your in court. This list of terms can be used in court if you print it out and put it in a folder.

If you take the time to learn about the criminal justice system and keep up with the rules as they change, you’ll give yourself the best chance of succeeding in court. 

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Having this dictionary with you could help you feel more comfortable and do better in court. Remember, knowledge is power, and we’re here to support you every step of the way. Whether you’re facing a legal challenge or simply seeking to expand your legal knowledge, Cano Bail Bonds is dedicated to providing valuable insights and guidance.

Thank you for joining me on this journey through our Legal Terms Glossary. . Remember, understanding the language of the law is key to protecting your rights and ensuring a fair outcome.

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Glossary:

A

  • A fortiori. By a stronger reason. A term used in logic to denote an argument to the effect that because one ascertained fact exists, therefore another, which is included in it, and which is less improbable, unusual, or surprising, must also exist.[1]
  • A mensa et thoro. From bed and board. Descriptive of a limited divorce or separation by judicial sentence.[1]
  • A quo: from which. The Court a quo is the court from which a cause has been removed to a higher court, which latter is called the Court ad quem.[2]
  • A vinculo matrimonii. (Lat. from the bond of matrimony) A term descriptive of a kind of divorce, which effects a complete dissolution of the marriage contract.[1]
  • Abactor. l. A cattle-stealer.[3]
  • Abandonment. Desertion; surrender; relinquishment of property; as when an insured person makes over his rights in the goods to the insurer.[3]
  • Abarnare. l. To detect or disclose a crime.[3]
  • Accessary. In criminal law. Contributing to or aiding in the commission of a crime. One who, without being present at the commission of a felonious offence, becomes guilty of such offence, not as a chief actor, but as a participator, as by command, advice, instigation or concealment; either before or after the fact or commission; a particeps criminis.[1]
  • Account. A detailed statement of the mutual demands in the nature of debt and credit between parties, arising out of contracts or some fiduciary relation.[1]
  • Act of God. Under the term “act of God” are comprehended all misfortunes and accidents arising from inevitable necessity, which human prudence could not foresee or prevent.[1]
  • Ad valorem. According to value. Duties are either ad valorem or specific; the former when the duty is laid in the form of a percentage on the value of the property; the latter when it is imposed as a fixed sum on each article of a class without regard to its value.[4]
  • Arbitrio boni viri. By or according to the decision or the award of an honest, conscientious man. v. Lex non exacte, etc.[5]

B[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (B)

  • Bail. In practice. The sureties who procure the release of a person under arrest, by becoming responsible for his appearance at the time and place designated. Those persons who become sureties for the appearance of the defendant in court.[6]

C[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (C)

  • Canon. A law, rule, or ordinance in general, and of the church in particular. An ecclesiastical law or statute.[7]

D[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (D)

  • Damage feasant or faisant. Doing damage. A term applied to a person’s cattle or beasts found upon another’s land, doing damage by treading down the grass, grain, etc.[8]

E[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (E)

  • Ejectment. At common law, this was the name of a mixed action (springing from the earlier personal action of ejectione firmae) which lay for the recovery of the possession of land, and for damages for the unlawful detention of its possession. The action was highly fictitious, being in theory only for the recovery of a term for years, and brought by a purely fictitious person, as lessee in a supposed lease from the real party in interest. The latter’s title, however, must be established in order to warrant a recovery, and the establishment of such title, though nominally a mere incident, is in reality the object of the action. Hence this convenient form of suit came to be adopted as the usual method of trying titles to land.[9]

F[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (F)

  • Fabricated evidence. Evidence manufactured or arranged after the fact, and either wholly false or else warped and discoloured by artifice and contrivance with a deceitful intent.[10]

G[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (G)

  • General occupant. At common law where a man was tenant pur autre vie, or had an estate granted to himself only (without mentioning his heirs) for the life of another man, and died without alienation during the life of cestui que vie, or him by whose life it was holden, he that could first enter on the land might lawfully retain the possession, so long as cestui que vie lived, by right of occupancy, and was hence termed a “general” or “common occupant”.[11]

H[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (H)

  • Hearsay. A term applied to that species of testimony given by a witness who relates, not what he knows personally, but what others have told him, or what he has heard said by others.[12]

I[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (I)

  • Identity. In the law of evidence. Sameness; the fact that a subject, person, or thing before a court is the same as it is represented, claimed, or charged to be.[12]
  • In casu. In this case.[13]

J[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (J)

  • Joinder. Joining or coupling together; uniting two or more constituents or elements in one; uniting with another person in some legal step or proceeding.[14]

K[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (K)

  • Keelage. The right of exacting a toll from ships in a harbor; the money so paid.[15]

L[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (L)

  • Lease. A conveyance of land or tenements to a person for life, for a term of years, or at will, in consideration of a return of rent or some other recompense. The person who so conveys such lands or tenements is termed the “lessor”, and the person to whom they are conveyed, the “lessee”; and when the lessor so conveys lands or tenements to a lessee; he is said to lease, demise, or let them.[16]

M[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (M)

  • Mala in se. Wrongs in themselves; acts morally wrong; offences against conscience.[17]

N[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (N)

  • Negative. A denial; a proposition by which something is denied; a statement in the form of denial. Two negatives do not make a good issue.[18]

O[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (O)

  • Obligee. The person in favor of whom some obligation is contracted, whether such obligation be to pay money or to do or not to do something. The party to whom a bond is given.[19]

P[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (P)

  • Parcel. In the law of real property, parcel signifies a part or portion of land. As used of chattels, it signifies a small package or bundle.[20]

Q[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (Q)

  • Quare. Lat. Wherefore; for what reason; on what account. Used in the form of several common law writs.[21]

R[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (R)

  • Ratification. The confirmation of a previous act done either by the party himself or by another; confirmation of a voidable act.[22]

S[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (S)

  • Servient. Serving; subject to a service or servitude. A servient estate is one which is burdened with a servitude.[23]
  • Sound. To have an essential quality, —as, applied to an action, to sound in damages.[24] Therefore “to sound in damages” is “to have the essential quality of damages”.[25] Hence the expressions to sound[26] and sounds in.[27][28]
  • Sound in damages. An action is technically said to sound in damages when it is brought, not for the specific recovery of lands, goods, or sums of money (as is the case in real and mixed actions, or in the personal actions of debt and detinue), but for recovery of damages only, as in actions of covenant, trespass, etc. Steph. Pl. 116.[29]

T[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (T)

  • Testator. One who makes or has made a testament or will; one who dies leaving a will.[30]

U[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (U)

  • Underwriter. The person who insures another in a fire or life policy; the insurer. A person who joins with another in entering into a marine policy of insurance as insurer.[31]

V[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (V)

  • Valid. Of binding force. A deed, will, or other instrument, which has received all the formalities required by law, is said to be valid.[31]

W[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (W)

  • Words of limitation. In a conveyance or will, words which have the effect of marking the duration of an estate are termed “words of limitation”. Thus, in a grant to A and his heirs, the words “and his heirs” are words of limitation, because they show that A is to take an estate in fee-simple, and do not give his heirs anything.[32]

X[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (X)

  • Xenodochium. gr.-l. In the civil and old English law. An inn licensed for the entertainment of strangers; a place where sick and infirm persons were cared for; a hospital.[33]

Y[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (Y)

  • Yalemaines. fr. At least, however.[34]

Z[edit]

Main article: Glossary of law (Z)

  • Zelde. o. sc. A gift or donation.[35]

See also[edit]

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National Association of Bail Bondsmen and Agents (https://www.nabba.org/)
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National Institute of Corrections (https://nicic.gov/)
National Association of Professional Bail Bondsmen (https://www.napb.us/)
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Please be advised that the information provided on this website is not legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. The opinions and recommendations presented on this website are solely those of Cano Bail Bonds and are not to be construed as legal advice. As bail agents,
we are not licensed attorneys and cannot provide legal advice. The information presented on this website is for general informational purposes only and should not be relied upon for legal advice or any other professional advice. If you require legal advice, we strongly recommend that you seek the counsel of a licensed attorney. Any information presented on this website should not be considered a substitute for legal advice or any other professional advice. Please be advised that Cano Bail Bonds is not responsible for any errors or omissions in the information presented on this website. We make no representations or warranties, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability, or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. This legal disclosure notice is subject to change without notice and was last updated on [5/12/2023. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact us at 1800-331-3336 .
^

References:

Bail Bonds, Bondsman/Owner Cano (2023) “LEGAL TERMS GLOSSARY [ Vol 1],” Glossary of law (C), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_law_(C) (accessed 12 May 2023).
Reddon and Veron. Modern Legal Glossary. Michie Company. 1980. Google Books
Henry C Adams. A Juridical Glossary. Weed, Parsons & Company. Albany, New York. 1886. Volume 1. Google Books. Internet Archive.
Willey Howell (compiler). Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. The Army Service Schools, Department of Law. 1910. Google Books.
Tayler. The Law Glossary. Ninth Edition. 1889. Google Books
Frederic Jesup Stimson. Glossary of Technical Terms, Phrases, and Maxims of the Common Law. Little, Brown and Company. Boston. 1881. Google Books
J Kendrick Kinney. A Law Dictionary and Glossary. Callaghan and Company. Chicago. 1893. Google Books
Burrill. A Law Dictionary and Glossary. Second Edition. Volume 1. Volume 2.
Gibb. Students’ Glossary of Scottish Legal Terms. Second Edition. 1982. Green. Google Books
Lewis. A Glossary of Mediaeval Welsh Law. 1913. Internet Archive
Jump up to:a b c d e f Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 1.
^ Stimson. Glossary of Technical Terms, Phrases, and Maxims of the Common Law. 1881. p 1.
^ Jump up to:a b c Stimson. Glossary of Technical Terms, Phrases, and Maxims of the Common Law. 1881. p 2.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. pp 1 & 2.
^ Adams. A Juridical Glossary. 1886. vol 1. p 175.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 5.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 6.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 15.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 18.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 21.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 23.
^ Jump up to:a b Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 24.
^ United States – Norway Arbitration under the Special Agreement of June 30, 1921. 22 June 1922. Government Printing Office. Washington. 1922. p 9.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 27.
^ Stimson. Glossary of Technical Terms, Phrases, and Maxims of the Common Law. 1881. p 180.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. pp 28 & 29.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 30.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 32.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 33.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 34.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 39.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 40.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 44.
^ Kinney. A Law Dictionary and Glossary. 1893. p 629.
^ John Ogilvie. Charles Annandale (ed). The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language. New Edition. Blackie and Sons. London. 1883. Volume 4. p 140.
^ Burill. A New Law Dictionary and Glossary. John S Voorhies. New York. 1851. Part 2. p 941.
^ Stephen H Gifis. “Sounds in”. Law Dictionary. Sixth Edition. Barron’s Educational Series. 2010.
^ As to whether an action sounds in tort or in contract, see, for example, William Mack (ed). Cyclopedia of Law and Procedure. The American Law Book Company. 1905. Volume 18. p 1388. Code Pleading in the Western States. Bancroft-Whitney Company. 1926. Volume 1. p 172. Edward D Re. Cases and Materials on Remedies. 2nd Ed. Foundation Press. 1987. p 4. See further Tort#Relationship to contract law.
^ Archibald Brown. A New Law Dictionary and Institute of the Whole Law. First Edition. Stevens and Haynes. Bell Yard, Temple Bar, London. 1874. p 335.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 47.
^ Jump up to:a b Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 49.
^ Howell. Glossary of Legal Terms and Phrases. 1910. p 51.
^ Kinney. A Law Dictionary and Glossary. 1893. p 705.
^ Stimson. Glossary of Technical Terms, Phrases, and Maxims of the Common Law. 1881. p 305.
^ Kinney. A Law Dictionary and Glossary. 1893. p 706.
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