LEGAL TERMS GLOSSARY
Boost Your Legal Vocabulary: Cano Bail Bonds
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- A fortiori. By a stronger reason. A term used in logic to denote an argument to the effect that because one ascertained fact exists, therefore another, which is included in it, and which is less improbable, unusual, or surprising, must also exist.
- A mensa et thoro. From bed and board. Descriptive of a limited divorce or separation by judicial sentence.
- A quo: from which. The Court a quo is the court from which a cause has been removed to a higher court, which latter is called the Court ad quem.
- A vinculo matrimonii. (Lat. from the bond of matrimony) A term descriptive of a kind of divorce, which effects a complete dissolution of the marriage contract.
- Abactor. l. A cattle-stealer.
- Abandonment. Desertion; surrender; relinquishment of property; as when an insured person makes over his rights in the goods to the insurer.
- Abarnare. l. To detect or disclose a crime.
- Accessary. In criminal law. Contributing to or aiding in the commission of a crime. One who, without being present at the commission of a felonious offence, becomes guilty of such offence, not as a chief actor, but as a participator, as by command, advice, instigation or concealment; either before or after the fact or commission; a particeps criminis.
- Account. A detailed statement of the mutual demands in the nature of debt and credit between parties, arising out of contracts or some fiduciary relation.
- Act of God. Under the term “act of God” are comprehended all misfortunes and accidents arising from inevitable necessity, which human prudence could not foresee or prevent.
- Ad valorem. According to value. Duties are either ad valorem or specific; the former when the duty is laid in the form of a percentage on the value of the property; the latter when it is imposed as a fixed sum on each article of a class without regard to its value.
- Arbitrio boni viri. By or according to the decision or the award of an honest, conscientious man. v. Lex non exacte, etc.
Main article: Glossary of law (B)
- Bail. In practice. The sureties who procure the release of a person under arrest, by becoming responsible for his appearance at the time and place designated. Those persons who become sureties for the appearance of the defendant in court.
Main article: Glossary of law (C)
- Canon. A law, rule, or ordinance in general, and of the church in particular. An ecclesiastical law or statute.
Main article: Glossary of law (D)
- Damage feasant or faisant. Doing damage. A term applied to a person’s cattle or beasts found upon another’s land, doing damage by treading down the grass, grain, etc.
Main article: Glossary of law (E)
- Ejectment. At common law, this was the name of a mixed action (springing from the earlier personal action of ejectione firmae) which lay for the recovery of the possession of land, and for damages for the unlawful detention of its possession. The action was highly fictitious, being in theory only for the recovery of a term for years, and brought by a purely fictitious person, as lessee in a supposed lease from the real party in interest. The latter’s title, however, must be established in order to warrant a recovery, and the establishment of such title, though nominally a mere incident, is in reality the object of the action. Hence this convenient form of suit came to be adopted as the usual method of trying titles to land.
Main article: Glossary of law (F)
- Fabricated evidence. Evidence manufactured or arranged after the fact, and either wholly false or else warped and discoloured by artifice and contrivance with a deceitful intent.
Main article: Glossary of law (G)
- General occupant. At common law where a man was tenant pur autre vie, or had an estate granted to himself only (without mentioning his heirs) for the life of another man, and died without alienation during the life of cestui que vie, or him by whose life it was holden, he that could first enter on the land might lawfully retain the possession, so long as cestui que vie lived, by right of occupancy, and was hence termed a “general” or “common occupant”.
Main article: Glossary of law (H)
- Hearsay. A term applied to that species of testimony given by a witness who relates, not what he knows personally, but what others have told him, or what he has heard said by others.
Main article: Glossary of law (I)
- Identity. In the law of evidence. Sameness; the fact that a subject, person, or thing before a court is the same as it is represented, claimed, or charged to be.
- In casu. In this case.
Main article: Glossary of law (J)
- Joinder. Joining or coupling together; uniting two or more constituents or elements in one; uniting with another person in some legal step or proceeding.
Main article: Glossary of law (K)
- Keelage. The right of exacting a toll from ships in a harbor; the money so paid.
Main article: Glossary of law (L)
- Lease. A conveyance of land or tenements to a person for life, for a term of years, or at will, in consideration of a return of rent or some other recompense. The person who so conveys such lands or tenements is termed the “lessor”, and the person to whom they are conveyed, the “lessee”; and when the lessor so conveys lands or tenements to a lessee; he is said to lease, demise, or let them.
Main article: Glossary of law (M)
Main article: Glossary of law (N)
- Negative. A denial; a proposition by which something is denied; a statement in the form of denial. Two negatives do not make a good issue.
Main article: Glossary of law (O)
- Obligee. The person in favor of whom some obligation is contracted, whether such obligation be to pay money or to do or not to do something. The party to whom a bond is given.
Main article: Glossary of law (P)
- Parcel. In the law of real property, parcel signifies a part or portion of land. As used of chattels, it signifies a small package or bundle.
Main article: Glossary of law (Q)
- Quare. Lat. Wherefore; for what reason; on what account. Used in the form of several common law writs.
Main article: Glossary of law (R)
- Ratification. The confirmation of a previous act done either by the party himself or by another; confirmation of a voidable act.
Main article: Glossary of law (S)
- Servient. Serving; subject to a service or servitude. A servient estate is one which is burdened with a servitude.
- Sound. To have an essential quality, —as, applied to an action, to sound in damages. Therefore “to sound in damages” is “to have the essential quality of damages”. Hence the expressions to sound and sounds in.
- Sound in damages. An action is technically said to sound in damages when it is brought, not for the specific recovery of lands, goods, or sums of money (as is the case in real and mixed actions, or in the personal actions of debt and detinue), but for recovery of damages only, as in actions of covenant, trespass, etc. Steph. Pl. 116.
Main article: Glossary of law (T)
Main article: Glossary of law (U)
- Underwriter. The person who insures another in a fire or life policy; the insurer. A person who joins with another in entering into a marine policy of insurance as insurer.
Main article: Glossary of law (V)
- Valid. Of binding force. A deed, will, or other instrument, which has received all the formalities required by law, is said to be valid.
Main article: Glossary of law (W)
- Words of limitation. In a conveyance or will, words which have the effect of marking the duration of an estate are termed “words of limitation”. Thus, in a grant to A and his heirs, the words “and his heirs” are words of limitation, because they show that A is to take an estate in fee-simple, and do not give his heirs anything.
Main article: Glossary of law (X)
- Xenodochium. gr.-l. In the civil and old English law. An inn licensed for the entertainment of strangers; a place where sick and infirm persons were cared for; a hospital.
Main article: Glossary of law (Y)
- Yalemaines. fr. At least, however.
Main article: Glossary of law (Z)
- Zelde. o. sc. A gift or donation.
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National Association of Bail Bondsmen and Agents (https://www.nabba.org/)
American Bar Association (https://www.americanbar.org/)
National Institute of Corrections (https://nicic.gov/)
National Association of Professional Bail Bondsmen (https://www.napb.us/)
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